One of Mexico's smallest states, a hidden paradise with a biosphere and active volcano to the northern borders, with the Pacific ocean to the west. With waterfalls, crystal clear rivers, lush vegetation, caves and farmland abundant throughout the state. One of Mexico's most legendary surf spots - Boca de Pascuales, just past the Lime Capital of Mexico, in the agrocultural city of Tecoman and just south of Manzanillo, México's main pacific port, as well as a resort town with excellent sportfishing, watersports and golf. Colima city centers itself on being an educational with an international University and art community for dance, music and local artists.
Many popular, well known US franchises sprouted up after the last major earthquake here in 2003 - like the Phoenix rising... With stores like Walmart, SAM's Club, Home Depot, Office Depot, Johnny Rocket's, Sears, Starbucks, Burger King, McDonald's, KFC, Applebee's have turned Colima into a very popular place to visit and live. You will also find Mexican mercados like Soriana and the high end department store Liverpool, in the Plaza Zentralia mall. There are many excellent sushi and fresh fish restaurants around town to enjoy (fresh off the boats from Manzanillo that morning) , while the nights sizzle with the many taco stands that are packed with late night diners on the main boulevards and beighborhood side streets throughout the city.
Colima has a variety of museums throughout the state. In Colima city you will find the Museo Regional de Historia de Colima (the best museum about Colima's history and culture), a couple archeological sites are available for tours on the outskirts of the city on the 2nd and 3rd rings. There are also art museums in the center and in Comala, the famous Nogueras Cultural Complex, just a few minutes north of the "Magic Town", housing the art and furniture collection of famous Comala artist Alejandro Rangel Hidalgo.
Past the mangroves and crocodiles on the beach in the town of Cuyutlán you will find the Salt Museum (Museo Comunitario de la Sal). You may also want to visit the sea turtle sanctuary CDPRE (Centro Desarrollo, Productivo, Recreativo y Ecológico) Center for Development, Production, Recreation and Ecology. The sanctuary exists through private donations and offers camping facilities for large groups and organizations, with special programs for students. For more information click on the baby Sea Turtle.
Colima is not like any other state in Mexico, in fact it has the feel more like a small country. The university and secondary schools are some of the best in the Republic, with a growing population of students from South Korea and other countries studying here. An ever growing hub of medical technology and specialist doctors is spreading throughout Colima. blended with our heavy agricultural foundation of lime, orange, lemon, guayaba, mango, banana, blueberries, cocos and sugar cane, among others exports.
The 'Feria de Todos los Santos Colima' is Colima's state fair, which occurs over a 2 week period, from late October into early November. Featuring livestock, local produce, Tecoman limes, traditional cuisine, alley and walkways with vendors from Colima and surrounding states selling everything from handmade artesanias to a wide variety of food.
Her outlying borders include the town of Villa de Alvarez, up the mountain a bit and you will encounter the quaint pueblito of Comala. Known for white-washed facades, botanas (snack foods) and ponche, an alcoholic creamy dessert beverage that comes in many flavors. As you drive up the mountain you will pass through Zona Magica (gravity's optical illusion), Suchitlan (famous for unique handcarved masks)... You are now in Colima's coffee country, passing Laguna de Carrizalillos and Laguna la Maria, finally reaching Herbabuena, a small pueblito in the biosphere at the base of the Volcan de Fuego.
For those of you that would like to know a quick history of Colima, click here.
Excellent, affordable surfer accommodations are available at: Hotel Real de Pasquales, better known as Edgar's Place. Owned and run by board shaper Edgar Alvarez, who also sells his custom "Pasquales Surfboards". Another good hotel is Paco's Hotel, also on the beach and has a restaurant on premises. There are many places to eat along the small strip of beach on Colima's pacific coast. More accommodations, restaurants and comfort items can be found 10 km. north in the agricultural town of Tecoman - the lime producing capital of Mexico.
El Chanal 1,100-1,400
A.D. Aerial View Of Ruins
At both sites there is a small admission fee.
The municipality of Villa de Álvarez is adjacent to the northwest side of the city of Colima. Villa de Alvarez in 1556 was called "San Francisco de Almoloya". In 1836 the district was divided Colima, for its administration,one of which was to Almoloya, which became the county seat. On September 15, 1860, that original name was changed to "Villa de Alvarez" in honor of the first governor of Colima, who was from there. In 1991 Villa de Alverez was finally declared a city by the Colima state government.
Most of the territory is rugged and mountainous in geography. The Armory River crosses the municipality from north to south, its tributaries are the rivers: Picachos, Comal and San Antonio. The town also has some streams such as: Seca, Tecomala, Del Diablo, San Palmar, Agua Dulce, and Pereira crossing the county seat.
average annual temperature is around 82°F, and an average rainfall
of approximately 40" inches, which usually occurs between the months of May
through September, annually. The variety of plants in
the area are abundant and include: the mojo, parota, fig, coban, buckle,
rosamorada, sapodilla, cuahuayote, huizcolote, sagebrush, mesquite,
acacia, palm, cactus, as well as varieties of guava, guayaba, plum,
sapote, mango, orange, avocado, lemon, lime, grapefruit, prickly pear
(tuna), banana and agave. The forest / biosphere area accounts for
approximately 60% of the total area with a variety of ash, cedar,
juniper, walnut, and tabachin trees across the terrain.
The Miguel de la Madrid Airport is approximately 12 kilometers (7.4 miles) northeast of Colima on the highway to Guadalajara, in the municipality of Cuauhtémoc. The airport has 2 restaurants with bars, car rental services, a snack shop, gift shop and a tourist information booth.
Airlines Include: Mexicana, Avolar, Aero California and Aeromar.
Airport "Playa de Oro" (ZLO) in the beach resort town of Manzanillo also has flights to Colima, with a wider range of carriers and more frequent daily scheduled flights. Approximately an hour south of Colima city via the toll road.
Tel. 52 (314) 333 11 19 or 52 (314) 333 25 25
The name comes from the Nahuatl word 'collimaitl', with 'colli' meaning 'ancestors or gods' and 'maitl' meaning 'the domain of...'. The Colima territory became a state in 1857, the capital city is located inland on Hwy 110, at an elevation of approximately 500 meters (1650' feet). The Otomi, Nahuatl, Tolteca, Chichimeca and Tarasca cultures flourished here between 2000 B.C. and 1000 A.D.
According to legend, the beautiful crystalline waters from the rivers and lakes of Colima are protected by the 'chanos', or 'chaneques' (spirits or elfish creatures), these deities of the waters are related to the Aztec god of rain and fertility, Tláloc ('he who makes things sprout').
When the Spanish arrived to conquer Colima in 1522, but King Rey Colimán (Colimotl Hueytlatoani), recognized the threat presented by the conquistadors and resisted their advance into his empire. The indigenous forces initially won their battles against a surprised Spanish army, but in 1523 they lost a decisive battle in Caxitlán, sending the armies of King Colimán to defeat.
The land was then divided into parcels, today these areas are known as Minatitlán, Comala, Coquimatlán and Conde de Terreros. In 1540, the Spaniards constructed a royal road between Colima and Mexico City. This new route quickly turned Colima into a vital center for trade and commerce, with the port of Manzanillo centrally located on the Pacific coast, playing the key role in transporting goods from México to the King of Spanish.
Colima has two volcano peaks: Nevado de Colima (4,330 meters), which is the oldest and inactive, and 5 km to the north a the very active 3,860 meter tall Volcán de Colima (also known as Volcan de Fuego). A history of pyroclastic flows are visible running down the sides of the mountain. Colima's volcano has been active for about five million years, since the late Pleistocene era. Where huge landslides occurred on the mountain, with approximately 25 km of debris traveling westward for over 120 km, all of the way to the Pacific Ocean.
Approximately 300,000 people live within 40 km of the radius of the volcano, because of its history of large eruptions on a semi-regular basis, the volcano has been designated a 'Decade Volcano', singling it out for special international study. You can click here for a Map of Decade Volcanoes. (will open a new window)
Surrounding the volcano is the Sierra de Manantlan Biosphere Reserve, which covers the entire region of Colima's border with the neighboring state of Jalisco. With over 2,700 species of flora, over 40% being native to Mexico, approximately one fourth of Mexico's species of mammals and one third of its bird species find a safe haven in the protected habitat, known as a 'cloud forest'.
Temperatures are fairly constant year round in Colima city, with variation depending on the elevation - being much cooler in the mountain areas, than down in the city. In the winter, temperatures can get down to the low 20's°c in the evening (mid 60's°f). Summers are humid with sweltering temperatures from the mid to high 90's°f (high 30's°c), to sometimes climbing to well over 100°f. The rainy season occurs from May to September, when most of the 40 inches (1,010 millimeters) of annual rainfall replenish the lands.